Neglected Tropical Diseases(NTDs) are a range of parasitic, bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, mainly prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical areas and mainly affecting poor people and the poorest elements of society. They are often referred to as ancient diseases of poverty. Many are vector-borne (mosquitoes or flies for example) and many have an animal reservoir as part of their lifecycle. They are grouped together due to their often chronic, disfiguring, and stigmatizing impact; their close association with poverty and their geographic overlap.   There are twenty diseases in the portfolio of NTDs categorized by the World Health Organization (WHO) with a series of targets of varying ambition relating to their eradication, elimination of transmission, elimination as a public health problem, and control. There are five strategies for tackling NTDS

  • Preventive chemotherapy
  • Disease management
  • Vector ecology and management
  • Veterinary public health and One Health Approaches
  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

Public health targets set by WHO for NTDs
More Ambitious
Less Ambitious
Eradication
  • Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease)
  • Yaws
Elimination
  • Onchocerciasis
  • Schistosmiasis
Elimination as a public health problem
  • Chagas disease
  • Rabies
  • Human African trypanosomiasis
  • Trachoma
  • Leprosy
  • Visceral leishmaniasis (in SEAR)
  • Lymphatic filariasis
Control
  • All the others