NTDs are a range of parasitic, bacterial, viral and fungal infections, mainly prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical areas and mainly affecting poor people and poorest elements of society. They are often referred to as ancient diseases of poverty. Many are vector borne (mosquitoes or flies for example) and many have an animal reservoir as part of their lifecycle. They are grouped together due to their often chronic, disfiguring and stigmatizing impact; their close association with poverty and their geographic overlap.   There are twenty diseases in the portfolio of NTDs categorized by the World Health Organization (WHO) with a series of targets of varying ambition relating to their eradication, elimination of transmission, elimination as a public health problem and control. There are five strategies for tackling NTDS

  • Preventive chemotherapy
  • Disease management
  • Vector ecology and management
  • Veterinary public health and One Health Approaches
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene